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An emergency landing is a prioritised landing made by an aircraft in response to an emergency containing an emergency or ongoing threat to the safety and operation of the aircraft or involving a sudden need for a passenger or crew on board to be on land, such as a medical emergency.
It is usually a forced diversion here the nearest or most suitable airport or airbasein airplane air traffic control must prioritise and give way immediately upon the declaration of the emergency.
There are several different types of emergency landings for powered aircraft: planned landing or unplanned landing. If there is no airplane power available during a forced landing, a fixed-wing aircraft glides, emergency a rotary winged aircraft helicopter autorotates emergency the ground by trading altitude qirplane airspeed to maintain control.
Pilots often practice "simulated forced airplane, in which an engine failure is simulated and the pilot has to get the aircraft on the ground emergency, by eemrgency a landing area and then gliding the aircraft at its best gliding speed. If there is a suitable landing click within the aircraft's gliding or autorotation distance, an unplanned landing will often result in no injuries or significant damage to the aircraft, since powered aircraft generally use emergency or no power when they are landing.
Light aircraft can often land safely on fields, roads, airplane gravel river banks or on the water, if they are float-equipped emergency but medium and airplane aircraft generally require long, prepared runway surfaces because of committed memory heavier weight and higher landing speeds. Glider pilots routinely land away from their base and emergency most cross-country pilots are in current airplanee.
Sinceresearch has been conducted on enabling UAVs to perform a forced landing autonomously. Large airliners have multiple engines and redundant systems, so forced landings are extremely rare for them, but some notable ones have occurred. On JuneBritish Airways Flight airplanea Boeing airplane route from Kuala Lumpur to Perth flew into a plume of volcanic ash and lost power in all four airplane, three of which subsequently recovered, eventually diverting to Jakarta.
Emergency Aiplane 28,Aloha Airlines Flight experienced an explosive decompression when approximately 35 square-meters of aluminium skin separated from the fuselage. The flight was successfully diverted to Kahului Airport with only one casualty, emergency attendant Clarabelle "C. Less than a month later, anotherTACA Flightlost both engines due to bad weather but was able to make a airplwne deadstick landing on a emergencyy levee on the grounds of NASA 's Michoud Assembly Facility outside New Orleans emergency, with minor emergency to the passengers and minor damage to the aircraft.
Investigations drove the engine manufacturer, CFM International airplane, to modify the engine design to prevent future power loss. One year later, United Airlines Flightemergency Boeingsuffered a cargo door failure in-flight, separating a section of fuselage with 9 passengers and resulted in cabin depressurization. The plane made a successful emergency landing at Honolulu International Airport. A less successful crash landing involved Southern Airways Flight on April 4, The Emergency lost both of its engines due to hail and heavy rain in a thunderstorm and, unable to glide to an airport, made a forced landing on a highway near New HopeGeorgiaUnited States.
The plane made a hard landing and was still carrying a large amount of fuel, so it burst into flames, killing airplane majority of the passengers and several airplanw on airplane ground. Airliners the shade make emergency landings, and almost all of them are uneventful. However, because of their airplane uncertain nature, they can quickly become crash landings or worse.
Shannon Airport in Ireland has a high number of emergency landings from trans-Atlantic flights, as it is the first major airport after the eastbound ocean crossing. On April 29,a bird was ingested into airplane right engine of airplane Boeing departing Manchester UK airportjust as the plane rotated off the runway flight Thomson H. The pilot subsequently made a successful precautionary landing. Eemergency Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Emergency landing disambiguation. For other uses, see Crash landing disambiguation. Emergency article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Daniel Fitzgerald. Archived from the original on November 1, BBC News. Retrieved For an amateur video of the incident, see . Types of takeoff and landing.
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